1.Homer’s Iliad – the shield of Achilles and the “ekphrasis”;
2.Sign and epistem;
3.Theoretical approaches in Greece (Plato and Artistotle, the concept of “mimesis”);
4.Theoretical approach in Rome (Horace’s concept of “ut pictura poesis”).
The 19th century’s revision
1.Lessing and the arts of space and time;
2.The emergence of the Museum and Romanticism;
3.Baudelaire – a discorse on modernity;
4.The Pré-Raphaelites and the epistemic change.
From Modernis to Post-modernism
2.Irony and memory;
4.The word beyond the figurative.