História Militar
Cod: 31374
Department: DCSG
Scientific area: History
Total working hours: 156
Total contact time: 15

Throughout this course unit and based on the analysis of four historical moments it will be perceived the evolution of military organisation in Portugal and its heritage. The first moment will focus on themes such as: the military power in the formation of Portugal and the stabilisation of territory and borders; the war in the Middle Ages-forces, weapons and organisation; the creation of national forces and the Ferdinand Wars- new tactics and new weapons. 

In a second moment, we will consider issues surrounding the Ceuta and Arzila places, as the Empire's war school, analysing the fact that the fortress functioned as a political and military base. We will also analyse the process of widespread use of heavy and light firearms, the military organisation through the law reforms of D. Manuel I and D. Sebastião, and the way some warfare treatises allow us to compare several warfare practices.

In a third moment, we will explain how the War of Restoration made evident new European military typologies as well as understand how military forces became standing forces and a new architecture emerged through the construction of great military buildings. We will also analyse the French invasions and the formation of the Lines of Torres, and explain how the industrial revolution had an impact on the war.

The African campaigns of António Enes and Mouzinho de Albuquerque, the action of the Portuguese Expeditionary Corps in World War I, the way the Portuguese presence in NATO evolved, and the war fought in Africa (1961-1975) are other themes to be discussed.


Military History;  Military Heritage; military strategy and tactics.

-Being able to identify facts, episodes, phenomena and heritage that relate to the Military History of Por-tugal.

-Understand the military organization and its interac-tion with the Portuguese society and economy.

-Establish the link between the Military History of Por-tugal and the European and World Military History.

-Connect military buildings or their remains to military circumstances.

-Recognize the main differences between the military buildings and their functions.


The following topics will be discussed:

1st Period: The military power in the formation of Portugal and in the stability of the territory and bor-ders.

The war in the Middle Ages: forces, weapons and or-ganization.

The creation of the National Forces

The Ferdinandine Wars: new tactics and new weap-ons

2nd Period - From ceuta to Arzila: the empire's war school.

The Fortress, military base of the empire.

The vulgarization of heavy and light firearms

Military organization: the legislative reforms of Ma-nuel I and Sebastião.

The treatise and the confrontation with other cultures of war. The transmission of military knowledge.

3rd Period- The War of Restoration and the new Eu-ropean military typology

The military forces of permanent character

The great military buildings - The new architecture.

4th Period - The French Invasions. The Lines of Torres

War and the Industrial Revolution.

The African campaigns of António Enes and Mouzinho de Albuquerque

Portugal and the First World War. The CEP

From the NATO generation to the war in Africa 1961-1975.


Bibliography (Mandatory resources)

 Feio, G. (2018). A guerra no Renascimento- o ensino e a parendizagem militares em Portugal e no Império, de D. Ma-nuel I a FelipeII. Lisboa : Esfera dos Livros.

Freitas, J. (2007) O Combatente Durante a Guerra da Restau-ração. Lisboa: Prefácio.

Lopes, N. (2017)O Sistema Defensivo de Goa –Influência na composição do território contemporâneo. Coimbra : FLUC.

Monteiro , J.(1998)A Guerra em Portugal nos Finais da Idade Média. Lisboa: Notícias Editorial.

Martins, Miguel Gomes (2016), Guerreiros de Pedra. Lisboa: Esfera dos Livros.

Moreira, R. ( 1986).A arquitectura Militar. In V. Serrão(dir. ) História de Arte em Portugal , vol.7, Lisboa: Edições Alfa .

Barata, M. e Teixeira, N. (dir.) (2004)Nova História Militar de Portugal. Mem Martins: Círculo de Leitores.

Nunes , A. (2004) . Os navios de Portugal na Grande Armada. Lisboa: Prefácio.

Sousa, L. (2008) A arte na Guerra : a arquitectura dos campos de batalha no Portugal de Quinhntos. Lisboa: tribuna . 


Continuous assessment is privileged: 2 digital written documents (e-folios) during the semester (40%) and a final digital test, Global e-folio (e-folio G) at the end of the semester (60%). In due time, students can alternatively choose to perform one final exam (100%).