This unit aims at building the groundwork for knowledge management in organizations, going beyond the information systems. A critical approach will be adopted to build the notions of knowledge, economy, knowledge management, knowledge society and the economy of innovation and organizational change. This will help the construction of the various elements integrating the knowledge management function within organizations. We will study the three generations of knowledge management, from information to knowledge, creativity and learning, knowledge management tools, human dimension and complexity of knowledge management. Some case studies will be developed and extended in learning activities.