Sociological theories
Cod: 41117
Department: DCSG
Scientific area: Sociology
Total working hours: 156
Total contact time: 15

This course, witch vocation is essentially theoretical, examine the main theoretical paradigms that have shaped sociological analysis after I World War. The Course explore different theoretical approaches of main authors and articulates it with social reality.

Sociological Thought

Ability to recognize the major theoretical perspectives that have shaped the contemporary sociological analysis.

- Ability to articulate the different theoretical approaches with new social paradigms of modernity and late modernity.


Theme I

Sociological Renaissance: sociological theories between the two wars World World Wars
1. The development of sociology in the United States
1.1. Chicago, Columbia and Harvard Schools
1.2.A School of Chicago and the Symbolic interactionism
2. Hegelian Marxism
3. The Frankfurt School and critical theory
4. Cultural Studies

Theme II

The golden age: the sociological theories of post World War II to 70
1. Structural functionalism
2. Theory of the conflict and neofunctionalism
3. Reorganization of interactionism: the dramaturgical perspective and ethnomethodology
4. Structural analysis of social facts: Althusserian Marxism, knowledge sociology and semiotics
5. theories of social construction: Bourdieu, Berger and Luckmann

Theme III

The paradigm’s crise: survival and novelty of sociological theories from the 80s
1. Feminist social theory
2. The Theory of Rational Choices
3. Historical Sociology
4. Sociology of Time and Space
5. Theories of Post-Modernity


 - Ritzer, George (1996) – Modern Sociological Theory, McGraw-Hill Companies Inc. Ransome, Paul (2010)

– Social Theory for Beginners, University of Bristol, The Policy Press.

- Turner, Bryan S., ed. (1996) – Teoria Social, Miraflores, Difel (availabe on-line)

TURNER, B. ed. (1996), Teoria Social, Miraflores, Difel. (esgotado– disponibilizado na sala virtual

·   CRUZ, M. B. (1995). Teorias Sociológicas. Os Fundadores e os Clássicos (antologia de textos), Lisboa, Fundação Calouste Gulbenkian.

·     FERREIRA, J. et al. (1995). Sociologia, Lisboa, McGraw-Hill.


Continuous assessment is privileged: 2 or 3 digital written documents (e-folios) during the semester (40%) and a presence-based final exam (p-folio) in the end of the semester (60%). In due time, students can alternatively choose to perform one final presence-based exam (100%).