Historiographical Theories and Tendencies
Cod: 31124
Department: DCSG
Scientific area: History
Total working hours: 156
Total contact time: 15

The course unit introduces a brief perspective on history theories and historiographical tendencies, highlighting the 19th and 20th centuries. The erudite historiography of Mabillon, Fustel, Coulanges, romantic history, the so-called 'methodical school', the materialism conception of history and Marxism, the Annales and its most recent developments with New History, Structuralism and the current hypercritical, interdisciplinary, micro and macro historical visions will be succinctly analysed.


In the end, students are expected to be able to
• expose briefly the great thought trends that have informed and produced contemporary historiography;
• master the essential concepts and the historical vocabulary as far as historiographical theories and tendencies are concerned;
• identify the several ways of producing History, from a critical interpretation of selected documents;
• discuss the limitations and virtualities of several historiographical approaches.

1 Erudite history
2. Romantic historiography
3. The methodical school
4. The Annales
5. New History
6. Marxist history
7. Structuralism and history
8. Micro-history
9. New Political History
10. post modernism and history
11. History in the XXI century

Basic Bibliography
BOURDÉ, Guy e MARTIN, Hervé, As Escolas Históricas. Mem-Martins: Publicações Europa-América, s.d..
Complementary Bibliography::
CANNADINE, David (dir.), Que é a História Hoje? Lisboa: Gradiva, 2006.
CATROGA, Fernando, Memória, História e Historiografia. Coimbra: Editorial Quarteto, 2001.
EVANS, Richard J., Em Defesa da História. Lisboa: Temas e Debates, 2000.
GARDINER, Patrick, Teorias da História, 5ª ed.. Lisboa: F.C. Gulbenkian, 2004.
During the semester, will be provided further working documents.


Continuous assessment is privileged: 2 digital written documents (e-folios) during the semester (40%) and a final digital test, Global e-folio (e-folio G) at the end of the semester (60%). In due time, students can alternatively choose to perform one final exam (100%).

French and English reading skills are recommended.