Classical Studies II
Cod: 51144
Department: DH
Scientific area: Culture
Total working hours: 156
Total contact time: 15

The curricular unit is centred on the study of the ancient Greek and Latin culture, one of the most relevant basis of the Western culture, literature and artistic imaginary.
Starting from some concepts of Antiquity (mimesis, aemulatio, contaminatio, among others), the cultural relation between Greece and Rome will be studied, taking into account
– the transformations occurred in the literary genres;
– the adequation of Greek forms and themes to Roman cultural realities (in Epic and in Lyric poetry) and to later artistic-cultural productions.

Classical Studies
Greek Literature
Latin Literature
Ancient Literary Theory

The curricular unit aims to develop the following competences:
– the capacity to understand the relations between the Trojan war and the foundation of Rome;
– the capacity to understand the various contextualisations;
– the capacity to characterise models: structure of poems and heroes;
– the capacity to interpret, analyse and relate the texts;
– the capacity to identify the explicit or implicit influences of the works on later artistic-cultural productions;
– the capacity to reflect, synthesise, argue and write correctly.

• Introduction to Classical Studies
1. Rhetoric and the education of the reading audience
2. The cultural influence of Greece on Rome: literary genres
3. The literary creation and the esthetical foundations of imitatio, aemulatio and contaminatio

• Theme I: The Epic Genre and the Epic Literary Text
1. The epic text in ancient Greece : Odissey, by Homer
2. The epic text in Rome: Aeneid, by Virgil

• Theme II:  Lyric Poetry
1. The lyric genre: from archaic Greece to classical Rome
2. Themes of Greek poetry and the Roman transformation
3. Muses and inspiration: the classical heritage in the Western universe

• Theme III: The Greek and Latin heritage in Western Literature and Culture
1. The classical epic text in the Renaissance: Os Lusíadas, by Luís de Camões
2. The Western lyric poetry (Renaissance and Mannerism; Baroque; Neoclassicism)
3. The Western visual arts, from the Renaissance to the Enlightenment

• Primary Bibliography:*
Camões, Luís de. Os Lusíadas. Lisboa: Imprensa Nacional–Casa da Moeda, 2005. [excertos]
Homero. Odisseia. Intr. e Trad. Frederico Lourenço. Lisboa: Cotovia, 2003. [excertos]
Horácio. Odes. Trad. Pedro B. Falcão. Lisboa: Cotovia, 2008. [excertos]
Vergílio. Eneida. Trad. Luís M.G. Cerqueira et al. Lisboa: Bertrand, 2003. [excertos]
Ovídio. Amores. Trad. Carlos Ascenso André. Lisboa: Cotovia, 2006. [excertos]
Propércio. Elegias. Trad. Aires A. Nascimento et al. Lisboa e Assis: Centro de Estudos Clássicos e Accademia Properziana del Subasio, 2002. [excertos]
Queirós, Eça de. “A Perfeição”. Contos I. Coord. Carlos Reis. Lisboa: Imprensa Nacional–Cada da Moeda, 2009. 345-362.
• Contextualisation Bibliography:
Aristóteles. Poética. Trad. e Introd. Eudoro de Sousa. Lisboa: Imprensa Nacional–Casa da Moeda, 2000.

Centeno, Rui Manuel Sobral, coord. Civilizações Clássicas II: Roma. Lisboa: Universidade Aberta, 2002.

Citroni, Mario, et al. Literatura de Roma Antiga. Trad. Margarida Miranda e Isaías Hipólito. Lisboa: Fundação Calouste Gulbenkian, 2006.

Ferreira, José Ribeiro. Civilizações Clássicas I: Grécia. Lisboa: Universidade Aberta. 1996.

Grimal, Pierre. Civilização Romana. Trad. Isabel Saint Aubyn. Lisboa: Edições 70, 2001.

---. Dicionário da Mitologia Grega e Romana. Trad. e Coord. Victor Jabouille. Lisboa: Difel, 1999.

Horácio. Arte Poética. Trad. Raul M. Rosado Fernandes. Lisboa: Inquérito. 1992.

Lesky, Albin. História da Literatura Grega. Trad. Manuel Losa. Lisboa: Fundação Calouste Gulbenkian, 1995.

Pereira, Maria Helena da Rocha. Hélade: Antologia de Cultura Grega. Lisboa: Guimarães Editores, 2009.

* The excerpts of the literary works to be dealt with during the semester will be made available in the online classroom of this course unit.


Continuous assessment is privileged: 2 or 3 digital written documents (e-folios) during the semester (40%) and a presence-based final exam (p-folio) in the end of the semester (60%). In due time, students can alternatively choose to perform one final presence-based exam (100%).

Classical languages knowledge not required.