In this unit, students develop a sociological knowledge on educational phenomena in current societies, privileging the contact with original and innovative research. Main features of the education systems evolution are characterized, as well as the schooling patterns in different world regions. School failure and drop-out are discussed, considering their relation with social inequalities, according to reproduction theories. The unit will provide a reflection on the experience of teachers and students at school, based on resistance theories. Recent changes in educational policies linked to globalization are problematized. Recent improvements in non-formal education and lifelong learning are explored. During the semester, besides papers reading, students are oriented towards the use of sociological perspectives to the problems solving and the development of research activities in the educational field.