Elementary Latin I
Cod: 51027
Department: DH
Scientific area: Language
Total working hours: 156
Total contact time: 15

This curricular unit introduces students to the Latin language and may be continued in further levels. The lessons propose an active work and commitment and are developed to answer to a progressive difficulty level.
Students will be introduced to basic vocabulary and grammatical notions towards the reading of elementary texts in original Latin.
Secondary bibliography provides information on Roman civilization, Classical culture, mainly some aspects about Roman life.

  1. Latin Language
  2. Roman Culture
  3. Latin Literature

- Understand the basic structures of Latin grammar;
- Understand the inflexion of Latin nouns and adjectives;
- Understand the flexion of Latin verbs in indicative, imperative and subjunctive moods;
- Recognize elementary vocabulary;
- Establish lexical relations between Latin and Portuguese;
- Use grammar knowledge in other texts.

1. Latin language structure: parts of the speech, case, syntax, declensions;
2. Alphabet and Classical pronunciation;
3. The five declensions (singular and plural);
4, Adjectives: declension and superlative and comparative forms;
5. Verbal conjugation (active voice): indicative mood (present, imperfect, imperfect future, perfect, pluperfect, perfect future), subjunctive (present and imperfect), and imperative.
6. Time and place clauses;
7. Numerals;
8. Personal and possessive pronouns; demonstrative is, ea, id.

1. Grammar and dictionary:
• ALMENDRA, Maria Ana & José Nunes de Figueiredo, Compêndio de Gramática Latina (Porto: Porto Editora, 1996), ou edições posteriores.
• Dicionário de Latim-Português (3ª ed. [revista], Porto: Porto Editora, 2008).
2. Cultural aspects:
• CENTENO, Rui Manuel Sobral (coord.), Civilizações Clássicas II: Roma (Lisboa: Universidade Aberta, 1997).
3. Further reading:
• PEREIRA, Maria Helena da Rocha, Estudos de História da Cultura Clássica II: Cultura Romana (3ª ed., Lisboa: Fundação Calouste Gulbenkian, 2002, ou edição posterior).

Other resources will be available during the semester.


Continuous assessment is privileged: 2 or 3 digital written documents (e-folios) during the semester (40%) and a presence-based final exam (p-folio) in the end of the semester (60%).
In due time, students can alternatively choose to perform one final presence-based exam (100%).