Equality, Social Exclusion and Citizenship
Cod: 41102
Department: DCSG
Scientific area: Sociology
Total working hours: 156
Total contact time: 15

This unit develops students’ knowledge and reflection on (in)equality in contemporary societies, fostering their ability to research and intervene on this domain. Theoretical notions as equality, exclusion, poverty, social class and citizenship are discussed, underlying their differences and inter-relations. The link between such phenomena and economic, cultural and political processes is explored, in multiple analytical scales. Recent reports on inequality patterns, in various dimensions, are analysed, comparing and explaining the evolution observed in Portugal and in other world regions. Actions to promote equality, inclusion and citizenship are identified. Students are supported and oriented towards the development of research and intervention activities on (in)equality in their life contexts.


•    To understand (in)equality, exclusion/inclusion and citizenship as sociohistorical constructions;
•    To identify inequality, exclusion and citizenship measures, as well as mechanisms producing them, in different scales;
•    To develpo abilities and ethical principles to deal with inequality and exclusion cases, in labour and civic contexts;
•    To conceive local actions to promote equality, inclusion and citizenship.

1.    To live and to work in an unequal world
1.1 Equality, citizenship and social justice
3.4    Inequalities: dimensions and mechanisms
3.5    From classes to social exclusion
3.6    Social sciences and social inequalities
2.    How inequalities has evoluted in time and varies in space?
2.1 Vital and resources inequalities
2.2 Prejudices and discrimination
2.3 Measures of poverty and social exclusion
2.4 Political systems, liberty and civic participation

3.    Promover a igualdade, a inclusão e a cidadania
3.1 International agencies work
3.2 National plans and programs
3.3 Local intervention
3.4 Challenges and responsibilities of the professional practice

Almeida, J. F. (2013). Desigualdades e Perspetivas dos Cidadãos: Portugal e a Europa. Lisboa: Mundos Sociais.
Cabral, M. V.; Vala, J. e Freire, A. (2003). Desigualdades Sociais e Percepções da Justiça. Lisboa: Imprensa de Ciências Sociais.
Carmo, R. (org.) (2013). Portugal, uma Sociedade de Classes. Lisboa: Le Monde Diplomatique.  
Costa, A. F. (2012). Desigualdades Sociais Contemporâneas. Lisboa: Mundos Sociais.
Paugam, S. (2003). A Desqualificação Social: Ensaio sobre a Nova Pobreza. Porto: Porto Editora.

Note: key texts are available for students in the virtual classroom.

Continuous assessment is privileged: 2 digital written documents (e-folios) during the semester (40%) and a final digital test, Global e-folio (e-folio G) at the end of the semester (60%). In due time, students can alternatively choose to perform one final exam (100%).