History of Portuguese Theatre I
Cod: 51018
Department: DH
Scientific area: Culture
Total working hours: 156
Total contact time: 15

This course unit approaches one of the major historic and literary moments that marked the path of the Portuguese Theatre, since its origin till the 18th century.
The diversity of the selected dramatic texts will be assessed through the analysis of some of the most representative works of the times in analysis. This selection of texts, which opens to a hermeneutic approach, demands full reading of the same texts.
So, the background that helps to understand the dramatic tradition led by Gil Vicente will be analyzed too. He is the Portuguese playwriter whose work (generically considered) contains both medieval and modern features, as it happens in plays such as “Auto da Barca do Inferno” and “Auto India”. Gil Vicente will be followed by the formal classicism in the dramatic production of António Ferreira, with the tragedy “Castro”. As for the Baroque, the play “O Fidalgo Aprendiz” of D. Francisco Manuel de Melo will be studied, along with the theatre reformation that the Arcadia Lusitana intended to carry out in the 18th century, especially through Correia Garção and his play Teatro Novo.

Portuguese theater
16th century
17th century
18th century

Students are expected to be able to:
-Explain the major socio-cultural and literary-historical guidelines that feature the selected dramatic texts;
-Identify the characteristics of the different aesthetic-literary moments that frame the selected texts;
-think about doctrinal and theoretical texts, analyzing them;
-Analyze the selected dramatic texts by correlating them with other texts of theoretical and doctrinal nature;
-Comment on critical perspectives concerning the selected plays/ dramatists.

Introduction. The specificity of the theatrical phenomenum.
Gil Vicente, the face of the transition. Auto da India (full reading). Auto da barca do inferno (full reading)
António Ferreira and Renaissance humanism. Castro (full reading)
The Portuguese drama in the 17th and 18th centuries. D. Francisco Manuel de Melo, Fidalgo Aprendiz (excerpts’ reading). António José da Silva, Guerras do alecrim e mangerona (excerpts’ reading). Correia Garção, Teatro Novo – and the expected Portuguese Theatre restoration.

- BARATA, José Oliveira, História do Teatro Português, Lisboa, Universidade Aberta, 1991. Capítulos 1, 2, 3 e 4.
- CRUZ, Duarte Ivo, História do Teatro Português, Lisboa, Verbo, 2001.
- REBELLO, Luiz Francisco, História do Teatro Português, Lisboa, Europa-América, 1968.
- SARAIVA, António José e LOPES, Óscar, História da Literatura Portuguesa (17ª ed.), Porto, Porto editora, 2005.
Nota: Será oportunamente fornecida outra bibliografia (online) a propósito de cada tópico temático em estudo.

The following drama texts are mandatory readings:  (available online):
- FERREIRA, António, Castro (leitura integral)
- GARÇÃO, P. A. Correia, Teatro Novo (leitura integral)
- MELO, Francisco Manuel de, Auto do Fidalgo Aprendiz (leitura de excertos)
- VICENTE, Gil, Auto da Barca do Inferno (leitura integral)
 ------------------, Farsa chamada Auto da Índia (leitura 


Continuous assessment is privileged: 2 digital written documents (e-folios) during the semester (40%) and a final digital test, Global e-folio (e-folio G) at the end of the semester (60%). In due time, students can alternatively choose to perform one final exam (100%).