History of the European Cinema
Cod: 31054
Department: DH
Scientific area: History
Total working hours: 156
Total contact time: 15

This course unit offers a historical and analytical vision of the European cinematographic activity which includes the origins of the cinema, its historical development as an artistic, technological and cultural phenomenon referring to the main schools, movements and studios which provided a mass industry and transformed it into one of the most important arts of the 20th century.

  1. Romantic cinema
  2. Cinema of the margins
  3. Neorealism
  4. Expressionism

In the end, students are expected to be able to
• reflect critically about aesthetical elements of the cinematographic narrative,
• ponder over the work produced by the different European cinema schools which were in the origin of diverse movements,
• relate a film with a historical and cultural context,
• elaborate an essay on the texts studied,
• analyse a film.

The most important cinematographic works of some European producers: Méliès, Dziga Vertov, Eisenstein, Fellini, Goddard and Almodovar; conventional production and its dissidents in Germany, France and the Soviet Union; the devastation of war and a new language of cinema; rage and symbolism in the cinema of the 1950s; death of the romantic cinema and the coming of modernism; cinema from the margins.
The Portuguese cinema.

Cousins, Mark. Biografia do Filme. Lisboa: Plátano Editora, 2004.
Ezra, Elizabeth. European Cinema. New York: Oxford University Press, 2004.
Ferreira, Carolin Overhoff. O cinema português através dos seus Filmes. Porto: Campo das Letras, 2007.
Forbes, Jill & Sarah Street (eds.). European Cinema: An Introduction. New York: Palgrave, 2000.


Continuous assessment is privileged: 2 or 3 digital written documents (e-folios) during the semester (40%) and a presence-based final exam (p-folio) in the end of the semester (60%). In due time, students can alternatively choose to perform one final presence-based exam (100%).