History of European Integration
Cod: 31030
Department: DCSG
Scientific area: History
Total working hours: 156
Total contact time: 15

This course unit provides a general perspective of the history of European integration from 1945 to the present day. It analyses the historical foundations of the highly political and economic process of the project of European integration, as it was conceptualized by its founders in the 1950s. It also takes a closer look at the process of integration, from the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) to the European Economic Community (EEC), and finally, the European Union (EU), the successive enlargements, and the debates about EU borders and European identity. Besides, the course unit will also focus on such issues as political organization and the institutions that have structured the EU based on the various treaties and agreements among member-states.

  1. History
  2. Europe
  3. European Union
  4. Community

At the end of the course unit students are expected to be able to
• explain the foundations and the historical process of European integration and explain how political and institutional organization have evolved;
• critically reflect on fundamental documents and debates on European integration;
• use adequate concepts and vocabulary for critical analysis of the topics;
• critically discuss points of views with respect to the question of European identity and citizenship.

1.Post-war Europe and the foundations of the project of European unification.
2.From the European Economic Community (1957) to the Treaty of Amsterdam (1999).
3.The UE at the end of the 20th century and the main future challenges.

António Martins da Silva, História da Unificação Europeia. A Integração Comunitária (1945-2010), Coimbra, Imprensa da Universidade de Coimbra, 2010. Available B-on

BERSTEIN, Serge & MILZA, Pierre, A História da Europa, do século XIX ao início do século XX, Lisboa, Editora Plátano, 2006
DUVERGER, Maurice, A Europa dos Cidadãos, Uma metamorfose inacabada, Lisboa, Asa, 1994.
FERREIRA, José Medeiros, Não há mapa-cor-de-rosa. A história (mal)dita da integração europeia, Lisboa, Edições 70, 2014.
FULBROOK, Mary (coord.), A Europa desde 1945, Porto, Fio da Palavra Editores, 2009
SOULIER, Gérard, A Europa. História, Civilização, Instituições, Lisboa, Instituto Piaget, s.d. (2nd Part - Chapter 2 – A Construção da Europa).


Continuous assessment is privileged: 2 digital written documents (e-folios) during the semester (40%) and a final digital test, Global e-folio (e-folio G) at the end of the semester (60%). In due time, students can alternatively choose to perform one final exam (100%).

Knowledge on French and English will be useful.