Physical quantities and units
Physics and the representation of reality that surrounds us. Scalar and vector physical quantities, dimensions of quantities. Unit systems and significant figures.
Mechanics I: forces and movements
Elementary kinematics and one-dimensional motion with constant speed and constant acceleration. Two-dimensional motion and its specific quantities. Newton’s laws of dynamics. Common forces. Applications of Newton’s laws to the study of static and dynamical phenomena.
Mechanics II: energy and linear momentum
Forms of energy and work-energy theorems. Conservative and non-conservative systems. Universal gravitation law and Kepler’s laws of planetary orbits. Linear momentum and its conservation.
Simple harmonic movement and examples. Mechanical waves in water, strings and springs. Sinusoidal travelling waves and stationary waves. Sound waves, the ear and audition. Intensity of sound waves and sound pollution.
Heat and the work-heat equivalence. Absorption of heat by bodies and phase transitions. Mechanisms of heat transfer.