Cod: 41101
Department: DCSG
Scientific area: Anthropology
Total working hours: 156
Total contact time: 15

The course Ethnographies, whose name derives from the Greek words, éthnos, "people" and gráphein «to write or describe», implying the writing process and the subject / knowledge that emerges from it, presents ethnography  simultaneously as a product and a process. While a product, ethnography corresponds to the texts produced by anthropologists as the result of their research in the field. In turn, as a process, ethnography corresponds to the method associated with the field work phase and participant observation, the contact and relation of anthropologist with their subjects of study and coworkers in the field.
This course aims to present and analyze through both a theoretical and applied perspective, critical ethnographic works in the development of anthropology in general, but also highlighting Portuguese anthropology. For this purpose it will be selected some of the most illustrative ethnographies, with reference to spatial and socio-cultural scope of anthropological practice.

Participant observation
Contemporary Societies

Students should be able to:

•    Understand the specificity of the method and ethnographic writing.
•    Recognize ethnographic works and key authors in the anthropological domain.
•     Apply the ethnographic perspective to research in the social sciences.
•    Develop the capacity to reflet and criticize on subjects of scientific relevance and citizenship.

1. Ethnography and the anthropologists
1.1 The method, the writing and reflexibility
1.2 The anthropologists: field testimonies

2. Paths: from classic ethnographies to contemporary approaches
2.1 The context and design of a field: from colonialism to transnationalism
2.2 Critics and new scenarios: the place and voice in ethnography
2.3 (Re) discover objects and fields: archives, bodies and cyberspace

3. The Portuguese ethnographies: colonial crossroads and contemporary fields
3.1 Ethnographies, customs and traditions, in Portugal and in the colonies
3.2 Contemporary ethnographies

Sousa, Lúcio. 2018. Textos e escritos: Etnografias. Lisboa: Universidade Aberta. [available in the classroom]

Clifford, James & Marcus, George.1991. Retóricas de la Antropología. Barcelona: Júcar Universidad.
Ferrándiz, Francisco. 2012. Etnografías contemporáneas. Anclajes, métodos y claves para el futuro. Barcelona: Anthropos-Universidad Autónoma. Metropolitana-Iztapalapa.

O`Neil, Brian. 2006. Antropologia Social – Sociedades complexas. Lisboa: Universidade Aberta.  
Ramos. Francisco. 2002. Etnografia Geral Portuguesa, Lisboa: Universidade Aberta.

- In the online classroom it will be provided specific bibliography for each theme.

Continuous assessment is privileged: 2 or 3 digital written documents (e-folios) during the semester (40%) and a presence-based final exam (p-folio) in the end of the semester (60%). In due time, students can alternatively choose to perform one final presence-based exam (100%).