Cod: 41126
Department: DCSG
Scientific area: Legal Sciences
Total working hours: 156
Total contact time: 15

This course unit aims at making students familiar with the fundamental legal concepts and tools of commerce/trade.

Commercial activity
Commercial Societies
Merchant´s goods
Commercial Contratcts

The objectives of this Curricular Unit are the following:

- Use the main concepts of commercial law

- Distinguishing commercial acts from civil acts

- Defining legally the traders

- Characterize the different stages of life of commercial companies in particular its constitution, operation, modification and termination.

- Identify and characterize the tangible and intangible assets that traders use in their activity

- Listing and featuring different types of commercial contracts

1 - Introduction to the study of Private Law

2 – Basics of Commercial Law

3 – Traders

3.1 - Merchant on individual name and EIRL

3.2 - Commercial societies

3.2.1 - Establishment of societies

3.2.2 - operating rules

3.2.3 - Modifications of societies (merger and transformation)

3.2.4 - Extinction of societies (dissolution and liquidation) - Insolvency and corporate recovery

3.3. Other economic operators

4 - The traders' property

4.1 - Rights of Industrial Property

4.2 - Commercial property

4.3 - Credit Titles

5 - The commercial activity


1. Manuel António Pita (2018), Curso Elementar de Direito Comercial, Lisboa: Áreas Editora

3. Paulo Manuel Costa (2017), Legislação de Direito Comercial, Editora Bubok.

4. Cunha, Paulo Olavo – Direito Comercial e do Mercado, 3ª ed., Almedina, Coimbra, 2021 (reimp., 2022)


Continuous assessment is privileged: 2 digital written documents (e-folios) during the semester (40%) and a final digital test, Global e-folio (e-folio G) at the end of the semester (60%). In due time, students can alternatively choose to perform one final exam (100%).